summaryrefslogtreecommitdiffstats
path: root/player/video.c
blob: 23e374721994e216e7c1e188eff15bcb7275eb27 (plain)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
564
565
566
567
568
569
570
571
572
573
574
575
576
577
578
579
580
581
582
583
584
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
600
601
602
603
604
605
606
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618
619
620
621
622
623
624
625
626
627
628
629
630
631
632
633
634
635
636
637
638
639
640
641
642
643
644
645
646
647
648
649
650
651
652
653
654
655
656
657
658
659
660
661
662
663
664
665
666
667
668
669
670
671
672
673
674
675
676
677
678
679
680
681
682
683
684
685
686
687
688
689
690
691
692
693
694
695
696
697
698
699
700
701
702
703
704
705
706
707
708
709
710
711
712
713
714
715
716
717
718
719
720
721
722
723
724
725
726
727
728
729
730
731
732
733
734
735
736
737
738
739
740
741
742
743
744
745
746
747
748
749
750
751
752
753
754
755
756
757
758
759
760
761
762
763
764
765
766
767
768
769
770
771
772
773
774
775
776
777
778
779
780
781
782
783
784
785
786
787
788
789
790
791
792
793
794
795
796
797
798
799
800
801
802
803
804
805
806
807
808
809
810
811
812
813
814
815
816
817
818
819
820
821
822
823
824
825
826
827
828
829
830
831
832
833
834
835
836
837
838
839
840
841
842
843
844
845
846
847
848
849
850
851
852
853
854
855
856
857
858
859
860
861
862
863
864
865
866
867
868
869
870
871
872
873
874
875
876
877
878
879
880
881
/*
 * This file is part of MPlayer.
 *
 * MPlayer is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * MPlayer is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
 * with MPlayer; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
 * 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
 */

#include <stddef.h>
#include <stdbool.h>
#include <inttypes.h>
#include <math.h>
#include <assert.h>

#include "config.h"
#include "talloc.h"

#include "common/msg.h"
#include "options/options.h"
#include "options/m_config.h"
#include "options/m_option.h"
#include "common/common.h"
#include "common/encode.h"
#include "options/m_property.h"
#include "osdep/timer.h"

#include "audio/out/ao.h"
#include "demux/demux.h"
#include "stream/stream.h"
#include "sub/osd.h"
#include "video/hwdec.h"
#include "video/filter/vf.h"
#include "video/decode/dec_video.h"
#include "video/decode/vd.h"
#include "video/out/vo.h"

#include "core.h"
#include "command.h"
#include "screenshot.h"

enum {
    // update_video() - code also uses: <0 error, 0 eof, >0 progress
    VD_ERROR = -1,
    VD_EOF = 0,         // end of file - no new output
    VD_PROGRESS = 1,    // progress, but no output; repeat call with no waiting
    VD_NEW_FRAME = 2,   // the call produced a new frame
    VD_WAIT = 3,        // no EOF, but no output; wait until wakeup
    VD_RECONFIG = 4,
};

static const char av_desync_help_text[] =
"\n\n"
"           *************************************************\n"
"           **** Audio/Video desynchronisation detected! ****\n"
"           *************************************************\n\n"
"This means either the audio or the video is played too slowly.\n"
"Possible reasons, problems, workarounds:\n"
"- Your system is simply too slow for this file.\n"
"     Transcode it to a lower bitrate file with tools like HandBrake.\n"
"- Slow video output.\n"
"     Try a different --vo driver (--vo=help for a list). Make sure framedrop\n"
"     is not disabled, or experiment with different values for --framedrop.\n"
"- Playing from a slow network source.\n"
"     Download the file instead.\n"
"- Try to find out whether audio/video/subs are causing this by experimenting\n"
"  with --no-video, --no-audio, or --no-sub.\n"
"- If you switched audio or video tracks, try seeking to force synchronization.\n"
"If none of this helps you, file a bug report.\n\n";

void update_fps(struct MPContext *mpctx)
{
#if HAVE_ENCODING
    struct dec_video *d_video = mpctx->d_video;
    if (mpctx->encode_lavc_ctx && d_video)
        encode_lavc_set_video_fps(mpctx->encode_lavc_ctx, d_video->fps);
#endif
}

static void set_allowed_vo_formats(struct vf_chain *c, struct vo *vo)
{
    vo_query_formats(vo, c->allowed_output_formats);
}

static int try_filter(struct MPContext *mpctx, struct mp_image_params params,
                      char *name, char *label, char **args)
{
    struct dec_video *d_video = mpctx->d_video;

    struct vf_instance *vf = vf_append_filter(d_video->vfilter, name, args);
    if (!vf)
        return -1;

    vf->label = talloc_strdup(vf, label);

    if (video_reconfig_filters(d_video, &params) < 0) {
        vf_remove_filter(d_video->vfilter, vf);
        // restore
        video_reconfig_filters(d_video, &params);
        return -1;
    }
    return 0;
}

// Reconfigure the filter chain according to decoder output.
// probe_only: don't force fallback to software when doing hw decoding, and
//             the filter chain couldn't be configured
static void filter_reconfig(struct MPContext *mpctx,
                            bool probe_only)
{
    struct dec_video *d_video = mpctx->d_video;

    struct mp_image_params params = d_video->decoder_output;

    mp_notify(mpctx, MPV_EVENT_VIDEO_RECONFIG, NULL);

    set_allowed_vo_formats(d_video->vfilter, mpctx->video_out);

    if (video_reconfig_filters(d_video, &params) < 0) {
        // Most video filters don't work with hardware decoding, so this
        // might be the reason why filter reconfig failed.
        if (!probe_only &&
            video_vd_control(d_video, VDCTRL_FORCE_HWDEC_FALLBACK, NULL) == CONTROL_OK)
        {
            // Fallback active; decoder will return software format next
            // time. Don't abort video decoding.
            d_video->vfilter->initialized = 0;
            mp_image_unrefp(&d_video->waiting_decoded_mpi);
            d_video->decoder_output = (struct mp_image_params){0};
            MP_VERBOSE(mpctx, "hwdec falback due to filters.\n");
        }
        return;
    }

    if (d_video->vfilter->initialized < 1)
        return;

    if (params.rotate && (params.rotate % 90 == 0)) {
        if (!(mpctx->video_out->driver->caps & VO_CAP_ROTATE90)) {
            // Try to insert a rotation filter.
            char *args[] = {"angle", "auto", NULL};
            if (try_filter(mpctx, params, "rotate", "autorotate", args) >= 0) {
                params.rotate = 0;
            } else {
                MP_ERR(mpctx, "Can't insert rotation filter.\n");
            }
        }
    }

    if (params.stereo_in != params.stereo_out &&
        params.stereo_in > 0 && params.stereo_out >= 0)
    {
        char *to = MP_STEREO3D_NAME(params.stereo_out);
        if (to) {
            char *args[] = {"in", "auto", "out", to, NULL, NULL};
            if (try_filter(mpctx, params, "stereo3d", "stereo3d", args) < 0)
                MP_ERR(mpctx, "Can't insert 3D conversion filter.\n");
        }
    }
}

static void recreate_video_filters(struct MPContext *mpctx)
{
    struct MPOpts *opts = mpctx->opts;
    struct dec_video *d_video = mpctx->d_video;
    assert(d_video);

    vf_destroy(d_video->vfilter);
    d_video->vfilter = vf_new(mpctx->global);
    d_video->vfilter->hwdec = d_video->hwdec_info;
    d_video->vfilter->wakeup_callback = wakeup_playloop;
    d_video->vfilter->wakeup_callback_ctx = mpctx;
    d_video->vfilter->container_fps = d_video->fps;

    vf_append_filter_list(d_video->vfilter, opts->vf_settings);

    // for vf_sub
    vf_control_any(d_video->vfilter, VFCTRL_SET_OSD_OBJ, mpctx->osd);
    osd_set_render_subs_in_filter(mpctx->osd,
        vf_control_any(d_video->vfilter, VFCTRL_INIT_OSD, NULL) == CONTROL_OK);

    set_allowed_vo_formats(d_video->vfilter, mpctx->video_out);
}

int reinit_video_filters(struct MPContext *mpctx)
{
    struct dec_video *d_video = mpctx->d_video;

    if (!d_video)
        return 0;
    bool need_reconfig = d_video->vfilter->initialized != 0;

    recreate_video_filters(mpctx);

    if (need_reconfig)
        filter_reconfig(mpctx, true);

    return d_video->vfilter->initialized;
}

void reset_video_state(struct MPContext *mpctx)
{
    if (mpctx->d_video)
        video_reset_decoding(mpctx->d_video);
    if (mpctx->video_out)
        vo_seek_reset(mpctx->video_out);

    mp_image_unrefp(&mpctx->next_frame[0]);
    mp_image_unrefp(&mpctx->next_frame[1]);
    mp_image_unrefp(&mpctx->saved_frame);

    mpctx->delay = 0;
    mpctx->time_frame = 0;
    mpctx->video_pts = MP_NOPTS_VALUE;
    mpctx->video_next_pts = MP_NOPTS_VALUE;
    mpctx->total_avsync_change = 0;
    mpctx->dropped_frames_total = 0;
    mpctx->dropped_frames = 0;
    mpctx->drop_message_shown = 0;

    mpctx->video_status = mpctx->d_video ? STATUS_SYNCING : STATUS_EOF;
}

void uninit_video_out(struct MPContext *mpctx)
{
    uninit_video_chain(mpctx);
    if (mpctx->video_out)
        vo_destroy(mpctx->video_out);
    mpctx->video_out = NULL;
}

void uninit_video_chain(struct MPContext *mpctx)
{
    if (mpctx->d_video) {
        reset_video_state(mpctx);
        video_uninit(mpctx->d_video);
        mpctx->d_video = NULL;
        mpctx->video_status = STATUS_EOF;
        mpctx->sync_audio_to_video = false;
        reselect_demux_streams(mpctx);
    }
    mp_notify(mpctx, MPV_EVENT_VIDEO_RECONFIG, NULL);
}

int reinit_video_chain(struct MPContext *mpctx)
{
    struct MPOpts *opts = mpctx->opts;
    assert(!mpctx->d_video);
    struct track *track = mpctx->current_track[0][STREAM_VIDEO];
    struct sh_stream *sh = track ? track->stream : NULL;
    if (!sh)
        goto no_video;

    MP_VERBOSE(mpctx, "[V] fourcc:0x%X  size:%dx%d  fps:%5.3f\n",
               sh->format,
               sh->video->disp_w, sh->video->disp_h,
               sh->video->fps);

    //================== Init VIDEO (codec & libvo) ==========================
    if (!opts->fixed_vo || !mpctx->video_out) {
        struct vo_extra ex = {
            .input_ctx = mpctx->input,
            .osd = mpctx->osd,
            .encode_lavc_ctx = mpctx->encode_lavc_ctx,
            .opengl_cb_context = mpctx->gl_cb_ctx,
        };
        mpctx->video_out = init_best_video_out(mpctx->global, &ex);
        if (!mpctx->video_out) {
            MP_FATAL(mpctx, "Error opening/initializing "
                    "the selected video_out (-vo) device.\n");
            mpctx->error_playing = MPV_ERROR_VO_INIT_FAILED;
            goto err_out;
        }
        mpctx->mouse_cursor_visible = true;
    }

    update_window_title(mpctx, true);

    struct dec_video *d_video = talloc_zero(NULL, struct dec_video);
    mpctx->d_video = d_video;
    d_video->global = mpctx->global;
    d_video->log = mp_log_new(d_video, mpctx->log, "!vd");
    d_video->opts = mpctx->opts;
    d_video->header = sh;
    d_video->fps = sh->video->fps;
    d_video->vo = mpctx->video_out;

    if (opts->force_fps) {
        d_video->fps = opts->force_fps;
        MP_INFO(mpctx, "FPS forced to %5.3f.\n", d_video->fps);
        MP_INFO(mpctx, "Use --no-correct-pts to force FPS based timing.\n");
    }
    update_fps(mpctx);

    vo_control(mpctx->video_out, VOCTRL_GET_HWDEC_INFO, &d_video->hwdec_info);

    recreate_video_filters(mpctx);

    if (!video_init_best_codec(d_video, opts->video_decoders))
        goto err_out;

    bool saver_state = opts->pause || !opts->stop_screensaver;
    vo_control(mpctx->video_out, saver_state ? VOCTRL_RESTORE_SCREENSAVER
                                             : VOCTRL_KILL_SCREENSAVER, NULL);

    vo_set_paused(mpctx->video_out, mpctx->paused);

    mpctx->sync_audio_to_video = !sh->attached_picture;
    mpctx->vo_pts_history_seek_ts++;

    // If we switch on video again, ensure audio position matches up.
    if (mpctx->d_audio)
        mpctx->audio_status = STATUS_SYNCING;

    reset_video_state(mpctx);
    reset_subtitle_state(mpctx);

    return 1;

err_out:
no_video:
    uninit_video_chain(mpctx);
    if (track)
        error_on_track(mpctx, track);
    handle_force_window(mpctx, true);
    return 0;
}

// Try to refresh the video by doing a precise seek to the currently displayed
// frame. This can go wrong in all sorts of ways, so use sparingly.
void mp_force_video_refresh(struct MPContext *mpctx)
{
    struct MPOpts *opts = mpctx->opts;
    struct dec_video *d_video = mpctx->d_video;

    if (!d_video || !d_video->decoder_output.imgfmt)
        return;

    // If not paused, the next frame should come soon enough.
    if (opts->pause && mpctx->last_vo_pts != MP_NOPTS_VALUE)
        queue_seek(mpctx, MPSEEK_ABSOLUTE, mpctx->last_vo_pts, 2, true);
}

static int check_framedrop(struct MPContext *mpctx)
{
    struct MPOpts *opts = mpctx->opts;
    // check for frame-drop:
    if (mpctx->video_status == STATUS_PLAYING && !mpctx->paused &&
        mpctx->audio_status == STATUS_PLAYING && !ao_untimed(mpctx->ao))
    {
        float fps = mpctx->d_video->fps;
        double frame_time = fps > 0 ? 1.0 / fps : 0;
        // we should avoid dropping too many frames in sequence unless we
        // are too late. and we allow 100ms A-V delay here:
        if (mpctx->last_av_difference - 0.100 > mpctx->dropped_frames * frame_time)
            return !!(opts->frame_dropping & 2);
    }
    return 0;
}

// Read a packet, store decoded image into d_video->waiting_decoded_mpi
// returns VD_* code
static int decode_image(struct MPContext *mpctx)
{
    struct dec_video *d_video = mpctx->d_video;

    if (d_video->header->attached_picture) {
        d_video->waiting_decoded_mpi =
                    video_decode(d_video, d_video->header->attached_picture, 0);
        return VD_EOF;
    }

    struct demux_packet *pkt;
    if (demux_read_packet_async(d_video->header, &pkt) == 0)
        return VD_WAIT;
    if (pkt && pkt->pts != MP_NOPTS_VALUE)
        pkt->pts += mpctx->video_offset;
    if (pkt && pkt->dts != MP_NOPTS_VALUE)
        pkt->dts += mpctx->video_offset;
    if ((pkt && pkt->pts >= mpctx->hrseek_pts - .005) ||
        d_video->has_broken_packet_pts ||
        !mpctx->opts->hr_seek_framedrop)
    {
        mpctx->hrseek_framedrop = false;
    }
    bool hrseek = mpctx->hrseek_active && mpctx->video_status == STATUS_SYNCING;
    int framedrop_type = hrseek && mpctx->hrseek_framedrop ?
                         2 : check_framedrop(mpctx);
    d_video->waiting_decoded_mpi =
        video_decode(d_video, pkt, framedrop_type);
    bool had_packet = !!pkt;
    talloc_free(pkt);

    if (had_packet && !d_video->waiting_decoded_mpi &&
        mpctx->video_status == STATUS_PLAYING)
    {
        mpctx->dropped_frames_total++;
        mpctx->dropped_frames++;
    }

    return had_packet ? VD_PROGRESS : VD_EOF;
}


// Called after video reinit. This can be generally used to try to insert more
// filters using the filter chain edit functionality in command.c.
static void init_filter_params(struct MPContext *mpctx)
{
    struct MPOpts *opts = mpctx->opts;

    // Note that the filter chain is already initialized. This code might
    // recreate the chain a second time, which is not very elegant, but allows
    // us to test whether enabling deinterlacing works with the current video
    // format and other filters.
    if (opts->deinterlace >= 0)
        mp_property_do("deinterlace", M_PROPERTY_SET, &opts->deinterlace, mpctx);
}

// Feed newly decoded frames to the filter, take care of format changes.
// If eof=true, drain the filter chain, and return VD_EOF if empty.
static int video_filter(struct MPContext *mpctx, bool eof)
{
    struct dec_video *d_video = mpctx->d_video;
    struct vf_chain *vf = d_video->vfilter;

    if (vf->initialized < 0)
        return VD_ERROR;

    // There is already a filtered frame available.
    // If vf_needs_input() returns > 0, the filter wants input anyway.
    if (vf_output_frame(vf, eof) > 0 && vf_needs_input(vf) < 1)
        return VD_PROGRESS;

    // Decoder output is different from filter input?
    bool need_vf_reconfig = !vf->input_params.imgfmt || vf->initialized < 1 ||
        !mp_image_params_equal(&d_video->decoder_output, &vf->input_params);

    // (If imgfmt==0, nothing was decoded yet, and the format is unknown.)
    if (need_vf_reconfig && d_video->decoder_output.imgfmt) {
        // Drain the filter chain.
        if (vf_output_frame(vf, true) > 0)
            return VD_PROGRESS;

        // The filter chain is drained; execute the filter format change.
        filter_reconfig(mpctx, false);
        if (vf->initialized == 0)
            return VD_PROGRESS; // hw decoding fallback; try again
        if (vf->initialized < 1)
            return VD_ERROR;
        init_filter_params(mpctx);
        return VD_RECONFIG;
    }

    // If something was decoded, and the filter chain is ready, filter it.
    if (!need_vf_reconfig && d_video->waiting_decoded_mpi) {
        vf_filter_frame(vf, d_video->waiting_decoded_mpi);
        d_video->waiting_decoded_mpi = NULL;
        return VD_PROGRESS;
    }

    return eof ? VD_EOF : VD_PROGRESS;
}

// Make sure at least 1 filtered image is available, decode new video if needed.
// returns VD_* code
// A return value of VD_PROGRESS doesn't necessarily output a frame, but makes
// the promise that calling this function again will eventually do something.
static int video_decode_and_filter(struct MPContext *mpctx)
{
    struct dec_video *d_video = mpctx->d_video;

    int r = video_filter(mpctx, false);
    if (r < 0)
        return r;

    if (!d_video->waiting_decoded_mpi) {
        // Decode a new image, or at least feed the decoder a packet.
        r = decode_image(mpctx);
        if (r == VD_WAIT)
            return r;
        if (d_video->waiting_decoded_mpi)
            d_video->decoder_output = d_video->waiting_decoded_mpi->params;
    }

    bool eof = !d_video->waiting_decoded_mpi && (r == VD_EOF || r < 0);
    r = video_filter(mpctx, eof);
    if (r == VD_RECONFIG) // retry feeding decoded image
        r = video_filter(mpctx, eof);
    return r;
}

static int video_feed_async_filter(struct MPContext *mpctx)
{
    struct dec_video *d_video = mpctx->d_video;
    struct vf_chain *vf = d_video->vfilter;

    if (vf->initialized < 0)
        return VD_ERROR;

    if (vf_needs_input(vf) < 1)
        return 0;
    mpctx->sleeptime = 0; // retry until done
    return video_decode_and_filter(mpctx);
}

/* Modify video timing to match the audio timeline. There are two main
 * reasons this is needed. First, video and audio can start from different
 * positions at beginning of file or after a seek (MPlayer starts both
 * immediately even if they have different pts). Second, the file can have
 * audio timestamps that are inconsistent with the duration of the audio
 * packets, for example two consecutive timestamp values differing by
 * one second but only a packet with enough samples for half a second
 * of playback between them.
 */
static void adjust_sync(struct MPContext *mpctx, double v_pts, double frame_time)
{
    struct MPOpts *opts = mpctx->opts;

    if (mpctx->audio_status != STATUS_PLAYING)
        return;

    double a_pts = written_audio_pts(mpctx) + mpctx->audio_delay - mpctx->delay;
    double av_delay = a_pts - v_pts;

    double change = av_delay * 0.1;
    double max_change = opts->default_max_pts_correction >= 0 ?
                        opts->default_max_pts_correction : frame_time * 0.1;
    if (change < -max_change)
        change = -max_change;
    else if (change > max_change)
        change = max_change;
    mpctx->delay += change;
    mpctx->total_avsync_change += change;
}

// Enough video filtered already to push one frame to the VO?
static bool have_new_frame(struct MPContext *mpctx)
{
    bool need_2nd = !!(mpctx->opts->frame_dropping & 1) // we need the duration
        && mpctx->video_pts != MP_NOPTS_VALUE; // ...except for the 1st frame

    return mpctx->next_frame[0] && (!need_2nd || mpctx->next_frame[1]);
}

// Fill mpctx->next_frame[] with a newly filtered or decoded image.
// returns VD_* code
static int video_output_image(struct MPContext *mpctx, double endpts)
{
    bool hrseek = mpctx->hrseek_active && mpctx->video_status == STATUS_SYNCING;

    if (mpctx->d_video->header->attached_picture) {
        if (vo_has_frame(mpctx->video_out))
            return VD_EOF;
        if (mpctx->next_frame[0])
            return VD_NEW_FRAME;
        int r = video_decode_and_filter(mpctx);
        video_filter(mpctx, true); // force EOF filtering (avoid decoding more)
        mpctx->next_frame[0] = vf_read_output_frame(mpctx->d_video->vfilter);
        if (mpctx->next_frame[0])
            mpctx->next_frame[0]->pts = MP_NOPTS_VALUE;
        return r <= 0 ? VD_EOF : VD_PROGRESS;
    }

    if (have_new_frame(mpctx))
        return VD_NEW_FRAME;

    if (!mpctx->next_frame[0] && mpctx->next_frame[1]) {
        mpctx->next_frame[0] = mpctx->next_frame[1];
        mpctx->next_frame[1] = NULL;

        double pts = mpctx->next_frame[0]->pts;
        double last_pts = mpctx->video_pts;
        if (last_pts == MP_NOPTS_VALUE)
            last_pts = pts;
        double frame_time = pts - last_pts;
        if (frame_time < 0 || frame_time >= 60) {
            // Assume a PTS difference >= 60 seconds is a discontinuity.
            MP_WARN(mpctx, "Jump in video pts: %f -> %f\n", last_pts, pts);
            frame_time = 0;
        }
        mpctx->video_next_pts = pts;
        if (mpctx->d_audio)
            mpctx->delay -= frame_time;
        if (mpctx->video_status >= STATUS_READY) {
            mpctx->time_frame += frame_time / mpctx->opts->playback_speed;
            adjust_sync(mpctx, pts, frame_time);
        }
        mpctx->dropped_frames = 0;
        MP_TRACE(mpctx, "frametime=%5.3f\n", frame_time);
    }

    if (have_new_frame(mpctx))
        return VD_NEW_FRAME;

    // Get a new frame if we need one.
    int r = VD_PROGRESS;
    if (!mpctx->next_frame[1]) {
        // Filter a new frame.
        r = video_decode_and_filter(mpctx);
        if (r < 0)
            return r; // error
        struct mp_image *img = vf_read_output_frame(mpctx->d_video->vfilter);
        if (img) {
            // Always add these; they make backstepping after seeking faster.
            add_frame_pts(mpctx, img->pts);

            bool drop = false;
            if ((endpts != MP_NOPTS_VALUE && img->pts >= endpts) ||
                mpctx->max_frames == 0)
            {
                drop = true;
                r = VD_EOF;
            }
            if (!drop && hrseek && mpctx->hrseek_lastframe) {
                mp_image_setrefp(&mpctx->saved_frame, img);
                drop = true;
            }
            if (hrseek && img->pts < mpctx->hrseek_pts - .005)
                drop = true;
            if (drop) {
                talloc_free(img);
            } else {
                mpctx->next_frame[1] = img;
            }
        }
    }

    // On EOF, always allow the playloop to use the remaining frame.
    if (have_new_frame(mpctx) || (r <= 0 && mpctx->next_frame[0]))
        return VD_NEW_FRAME;

    // Last-frame seek
    if (r <= 0 && hrseek && mpctx->hrseek_lastframe && mpctx->saved_frame) {
        mpctx->next_frame[1] = mpctx->saved_frame;
        mpctx->saved_frame = NULL;
        return VD_PROGRESS;
    }

    return r;
}

/* Update avsync before a new video frame is displayed. Actually, this can be
 * called arbitrarily often before the actual display.
 * This adjusts the time of the next video frame */
static void update_avsync_before_frame(struct MPContext *mpctx)
{
    struct MPOpts *opts = mpctx->opts;
    struct vo *vo = mpctx->video_out;

    if (!mpctx->sync_audio_to_video || mpctx->video_status < STATUS_READY) {
        mpctx->time_frame = 0;
    } else if (mpctx->audio_status == STATUS_PLAYING &&
               mpctx->video_status == STATUS_PLAYING &&
               !ao_untimed(mpctx->ao))
    {
        double buffered_audio = ao_get_delay(mpctx->ao);
        MP_TRACE(mpctx, "audio delay=%f\n", buffered_audio);

        if (opts->autosync) {
            /* Smooth reported playback position from AO by averaging
             * it with the value expected based on previus value and
             * time elapsed since then. May help smooth video timing
             * with audio output that have inaccurate position reporting.
             * This is badly implemented; the behavior of the smoothing
             * now undesirably depends on how often this code runs
             * (mainly depends on video frame rate). */
            float predicted = mpctx->delay / opts->playback_speed +
                              mpctx->time_frame;
            float difference = buffered_audio - predicted;
            buffered_audio = predicted + difference / opts->autosync;
        }

        mpctx->time_frame = buffered_audio - mpctx->delay / opts->playback_speed;
    } else {
        /* If we're more than 200 ms behind the right playback
         * position, don't try to speed up display of following
         * frames to catch up; continue with default speed from
         * the current frame instead.
         * If untimed is set always output frames immediately
         * without sleeping.
         */
        if (mpctx->time_frame < -0.2 || opts->untimed || vo->driver->untimed)
            mpctx->time_frame = 0;
    }
}

// Update the A/V sync difference after a video frame has been shown.
static void update_avsync_after_frame(struct MPContext *mpctx)
{
    mpctx->time_frame -= get_relative_time(mpctx);
    mpctx->last_av_difference = 0;

    if (mpctx->audio_status != STATUS_PLAYING ||
        mpctx->video_status != STATUS_PLAYING)
        return;

    double a_pos = playing_audio_pts(mpctx);

    mpctx->last_av_difference = a_pos - mpctx->video_pts + mpctx->audio_delay;
    if (mpctx->time_frame > 0)
        mpctx->last_av_difference +=
                mpctx->time_frame * mpctx->opts->playback_speed;
    if (a_pos == MP_NOPTS_VALUE || mpctx->video_pts == MP_NOPTS_VALUE)
        mpctx->last_av_difference = MP_NOPTS_VALUE;
    if (mpctx->last_av_difference > 0.5 && !mpctx->drop_message_shown) {
        MP_WARN(mpctx, "%s", av_desync_help_text);
        mpctx->drop_message_shown = true;
    }
}

static void init_vo(struct MPContext *mpctx)
{
    struct MPOpts *opts = mpctx->opts;
    struct dec_video *d_video = mpctx->d_video;

    if (opts->gamma_gamma != 1000)
        video_set_colors(d_video, "gamma", opts->gamma_gamma);
    if (opts->gamma_brightness != 1000)
        video_set_colors(d_video, "brightness", opts->gamma_brightness);
    if (opts->gamma_contrast != 1000)
        video_set_colors(d_video, "contrast", opts->gamma_contrast);
    if (opts->gamma_saturation != 1000)
        video_set_colors(d_video, "saturation", opts->gamma_saturation);
    if (opts->gamma_hue != 1000)
        video_set_colors(d_video, "hue", opts->gamma_hue);

    mp_notify(mpctx, MPV_EVENT_VIDEO_RECONFIG, NULL);
}

void write_video(struct MPContext *mpctx, double endpts)
{
    struct MPOpts *opts = mpctx->opts;
    struct vo *vo = mpctx->video_out;

    if (!mpctx->d_video)
        return;

    // Actual playback starts when both audio and video are ready.
    if (mpctx->video_status == STATUS_READY)
        return;

    if (mpctx->paused && mpctx->video_status >= STATUS_READY)
        return;

    update_fps(mpctx);

    int r = video_output_image(mpctx, endpts);
    MP_TRACE(mpctx, "video_output_image: %d\n", r);

    if (r < 0)
        goto error;

    if (r == VD_WAIT) // Demuxer will wake us up for more packets to decode.
        return;

    if (r == VD_EOF) {
        mpctx->video_status =
            vo_still_displaying(vo) ? STATUS_DRAINING : STATUS_EOF;
        mpctx->delay = 0;
        mpctx->last_av_difference = 0;
        MP_VERBOSE(mpctx, "video EOF (status=%d)\n", mpctx->video_status);
        return;
    }

    if (mpctx->video_status > STATUS_PLAYING)
        mpctx->video_status = STATUS_PLAYING;

    mpctx->time_frame -= get_relative_time(mpctx);
    update_avsync_before_frame(mpctx);

    if (r != VD_NEW_FRAME) {
        mpctx->sleeptime = 0; // Decode more in next iteration.
        return;
    }

    // Filter output is different from VO input?
    struct mp_image_params p = mpctx->next_frame[0]->params;
    if (!vo->params || !mp_image_params_equal(&p, vo->params)) {
        // Changing config deletes the current frame; wait until it's finished.
        if (vo_still_displaying(vo) && !(opts->untimed || vo->driver->untimed))
            return;

        const struct vo_driver *info = mpctx->video_out->driver;
        char extra[20] = {0};
        if (p.w != p.d_w || p.h != p.d_h)
            snprintf(extra, sizeof(extra), " => %dx%d", p.d_w, p.d_h);
        MP_INFO(mpctx, "VO: [%s] %dx%d%s %s\n",
                info->name, p.w, p.h, extra, vo_format_name(p.imgfmt));
        MP_VERBOSE(mpctx, "VO: Description: %s\n", info->description);

        int vo_r = vo_reconfig(vo, &p, 0);
        if (vo_r < 0) {
            mpctx->error_playing = MPV_ERROR_VO_INIT_FAILED;
            goto error;
        }
        init_vo(mpctx);
        mpctx->time_frame = 0; // display immediately
    }

    double time_frame = MPMAX(mpctx->time_frame, -1);
    int64_t pts = mp_time_us() + (int64_t)(time_frame * 1e6);

    // wait until VO wakes us up to get more frames
    if (!vo_is_ready_for_frame(vo, pts)) {
        if (video_feed_async_filter(mpctx) < 0)
            goto error;
        return;
    }

    int64_t duration = -1;
    double diff = -1;
    double vpts0 = mpctx->next_frame[0] ? mpctx->next_frame[0]->pts : MP_NOPTS_VALUE;
    double vpts1 = mpctx->next_frame[1] ? mpctx->next_frame[1]->pts : MP_NOPTS_VALUE;
    if (vpts0 != MP_NOPTS_VALUE && vpts1 != MP_NOPTS_VALUE)
        diff = vpts1 - vpts0;
    if (diff < 0 && mpctx->d_video->fps > 0)
        diff = 1.0 / mpctx->d_video->fps; // fallback to demuxer-reported fps
    if (diff >= 0) {
        // expected A/V sync correction is ignored
        diff /= opts->playback_speed;
        if (mpctx->time_frame < 0)
            diff += mpctx->time_frame;
        duration = MPCLAMP(diff, 0, 10) * 1e6;
    }

    mpctx->video_pts = mpctx->next_frame[0]->pts;
    mpctx->last_vo_pts = mpctx->video_pts;
    mpctx->playback_pts = mpctx->video_pts;

    mpctx->osd_force_update = true;
    update_osd_msg(mpctx);
    update_subtitles(mpctx);

    vo_queue_frame(vo, mpctx->next_frame[0], pts, duration);
    mpctx->next_frame[0] = NULL;

    mpctx->shown_vframes++;
    if (mpctx->video_status < STATUS_PLAYING) {
        mpctx->video_status = STATUS_READY;
        // After a seek, make sure to wait until the first frame is visible.
        vo_wait_frame(vo);
    }
    update_avsync_after_frame(mpctx);
    screenshot_flip(mpctx);

    mp_notify(mpctx, MPV_EVENT_TICK, NULL);

    if (!mpctx->sync_audio_to_video)
        mpctx->video_status = STATUS_EOF;

    if (mpctx->video_status != STATUS_EOF) {
        if (mpctx->step_frames > 0) {
            mpctx->step_frames--;
            if (!mpctx->step_frames && !opts->pause)
                pause_player(mpctx);
        }
        if (mpctx->max_frames == 0)
            mpctx->stop_play = AT_END_OF_FILE;
        if (mpctx->max_frames > 0)
            mpctx->max_frames--;
    }

    mpctx->sleeptime = 0;
    return;

error:
    MP_FATAL(mpctx, "Could not initialize video chain.\n");
    uninit_video_chain(mpctx);
    error_on_track(mpctx, mpctx->current_track[STREAM_VIDEO][0]);
    handle_force_window(mpctx, true);
    mpctx->sleeptime = 0;
}